2019 American Lecture


Gardening Across the Pond:

The General’s Garden in Bath, England


Dean Norton

Director of Horticulture, George Washington’s Mount Vernon

Andrew Cannell

Head Gardener, American Museum & Gardens 


Monday, April 1, 2019

The Knickerbocker Club, NYC


Gardening Across the Pond: The General’s Garden in Bath, England

Drawing on inspiration from Mount Vernon, the American Museum & Gardens created a replica of George Washington’s Upper Garden in 1962. It included a rose garden edged with boxwood, five crescent-shaped beds with flowery borders, and an octagonal ‘schoolhouse’ building. Over the years vast changes in the Upper Graden at Mount Vernon were carried out but the Museum’s replica remained unchanged and slowly declined. In this pair of talks, Dean will discuss how he and his colleagues at Mount Vernon researched the history of the Upper Garden and then re-created it according to Washington’s plan, while Andrew will describe the journey the Museum took to create a reinvigorated and more authentic representation of the General’s Garden. 


Dean Norton

Director of Horticulture

George Washington’s Mount Vernon

Dean Norton was first introduced to George Washington as a Boy Scout troop bugler playing taps at his tomb. In 1969 as a sophomore in high school he joined the Mount Vernon staff as a part-time grounds crew member. After graduating from Clemson University with an ornamental horticulture degree, he joined the staff at Mount Vernon in 1977 as the boxwood gardener. He became the estate’s horticulturist three years later. For the past 49 years, Dean has devoted considerable time to researching 18th-century gardens and gardening practices. He has received awards for conservation from the DAR and the Garden Club of America. He received the American Horticultural Society’s Professional Award in 2006 and is an honorary member of the Garden Club of Virginia. Dean serves on several historic property boards and lectures nationally and internationally. 


Andrew Cannell

Head Gardener at the American Museum & Gardens

A native of the Isle of Man, Andrew Cannell joined the American Museum & Gardens in early 2015. This followed three years as Senior Gardener for the National Trust at Woolbeding Gardens in West Sussex, England. Prior to that he worked and trained at Wisley, the Royal Horticultural Society’s Garden in Surrey. Andrew is a hands-on gardener with an interest in landscape, naturalistic planting and creating beautiful garden spaces for visitors to enjoy. Over the past four years Andrew and his dedicated team have undertaken the restoration of George Washington’s Upper Garden replica at the Museum, and more recently helped install the  £2million Oehme, van Sweden-designed New American Garden. Andrew is married to Melissa, who grew up in the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia. The have a four-year-old son, Rowan. 


For more information, please contact: the Halcyon Foundation 





AAQ Resource: Lear + Mahoney Landscape Architecture