SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR

April 21 / August 12, 1898

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Declaration of War, April 21, 1898 

Armistice Proclamation, August 12, 1898

Treaty of Paris, December 10, 1898

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Ended Spanish Empire in the

Western Hemisphere after 400

years of colonial rule.

 

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“SPLENDID LITTLE WAR”*

Military Campaign in Cuba

 

Cuban War of Independence, 1895 – 1898 / Peasant Revolution

SIEGE OF SANTIAGO DE CUGA / July 1 – 3, 1898

Battle of San Juan Hill, July 1

Battle of Santiago de Cuba / Naval victory, July 3

Gen. Toral Surrenders Santiago de Cuba to Gen. Shafter / Fifth Army Corps, July 17, 1898

Spain sues for peace

Armistice Proclamation, August 12, 1898

* Secretary of State John Hay

 

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Brooklyn Daily Eagle, July 26, 1898.

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Chicago Tribune, July 26, 1898.

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Selection of Montauk Point for the Recuperation of the Fifth Army Corps

in preparation for the fall campaign against Spanish forces in Havana, Cuba:

 

Northern Lattitude

Clear Site

Isolation

Rail Access — Montauk Station, 1895 

Deep Water Harbor at Fort Pond Bay

~~~~~~~~~

The Long Island Railroad offered the U.S. Government 4,200 acres at no charge,

and offered to build piers on Fort Pond Bay, and dig wells. 

 

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The Sun, August 5, 1898.

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— New York Times, August 6, 1898.

 

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— Joseph Pulitzer’s The World, August 6, 1898

 

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New York Herald

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— Illustration, Chicago Tribune, August 7 — Report, New York Times, August 6, 1898.

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The World, August 7, 1898.

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— Illustration, Joseph Pulitzer’s The World. Report, New York Times, August 9, 1898.

 

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— Report, The Sun, August 9. Illustration, Washington Post.

 

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Mrs. Ellen Hardin Walworth, Directress General of the Women’s National War Relief Association.

The World, August 12, 1898.

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Asleep In The Rain

— Joseph Pulitzer’s The World, August 12, 1898.

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New York Press, August 12, 1898.

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Masthead, Chicago Tribune, 1898

— The Sun, August 13, 1898.

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The World, August 13, 1898.

 

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Boston Globe

 

=================================

 

America’s First Veterans of a War

Fought Overseas on Foreign Soil 

 

— FIFTH ARMY CORPS —

 

Returned home to Montauk Point from

Santiago de Cuba

in August & September, 1898.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

The Veterans of Foreign Wars traces its roots to Camp Wikoff.

Thirteen soldiers of the 17th Infantry — largely in response to the conditions at Camp Wikoff — formed the American Veterans of Foreign Service in 1899, which became the Veterans of Foreign Wars in 1914.

— Illustration, New York Press.

 

================================= 

 

The World, August 15, 1898.

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“OH, BUT WE HAVE HAD A BULLY FIGHT!”

 

When the transport Miami had almost touched the end of the pier, two figures, recognized by all, were distinguished among the throng of officers on the bridge, and

there went up a roar of shouts, “Hurrah for Roosevelt! Hurrah for Wheeler!

As the ship’s sides touched the dock, an officer on the pier shouted,

“How are you Colonel Roosevelt?”

Back came the answer in a voice that could be heard half a mile away, “I’m feeling disgracefully well.” Then, after a pause, “I feel positively ashamed of my appearance when I see how badly off some of my brave fellows are.”

Another brief pause, and then in tones of intense conviction,

“Oh, but we have had a bully fight!”

 

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New York Herald, August 16, 1898.

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New York Herald, August 17, 1898.

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The World, August 17, 1898.

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COLONEL ROOSEVELT & SOME ROUGH RIDERS IN THE 4-ACRE QUARANTINE DETENTION CAMP & HOSPITAL.

 

— Chambers, Illustrator. The World, August 19, 1898.

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Brooklyn Daily Eagle, August 17, 1898

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The Bluffs

The Sun.

———————————————

— W.H. Shindler, Illustrator. New York Press

 

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New York Times, August 19, 1898.

 

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— James Gordon Bennett, Illustrator. New York Herald, August, 1898.

— Report, Brooklyn Daily Eagle, August 19, 1898.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

 

— The World

Colonel Roosevelt took a four-day furlough, returning to Sagamore Hill, August 19 – 24, 1898.

———-

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— Illustration & Report, The World, August 25, 1898.

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The Sun, August 25, 1898.

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New York Press, August 27, 1898.

A graduate of the University of Pennsylvania, Capt. Ambrose Higgins, age 25, was a surveyor, civil engineer, electrician, telegraph operator, draughtsman, photographer, and lawyer.

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— The World.

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The Sun

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The Sun

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Homer Davenport, Illustrator, William Randolph Hearst”s New York Journal, August 26, 1898.

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Lieut. Tiffany died in Boston, arriving there on the Transport Olivette. En route to Boston from Santiago de Cuba, the Olivette, short on provisions, anchored in Fort Pond Bay and requested additional provisions for the trip to Boston. The Olivette had to wait six hours for the provisions — when Lieut. Tiffany arrived in Boston, he was too weak to recover. His death certificate lists starvation as one of the contributory causes of his death. 

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The Sun, August 27, 1898.

 

The World, August 27, 1898.

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— Nelan, Illustrator. New York Herald, August 27, 1898.

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— Cory, Illustrator. The World, August 28, 1898.

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–Illustration New York Herald. Report New York Times, August 28, 1898.

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— Illustration, The World. Report, The Sun, August 28, 1898.

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— Homer Davenport, Illustrator. New York Journal, August 30, 1898.

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— Nelan, Illustrator. New York Herald, August 30, 1898.

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The World, September 1, 1898.

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Boston Globe, September 1, 1898.

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The World, September 2, 1898.

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The World, September 3, 1898.

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— Heyer, Illustrator. The World, September 4, 1898.

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The Sun, September 4, 1898.

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Boston Globe, September 3, 1898.

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Boston Globe, September 4, 1898.

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— Carter, Illustrator. The World, September 4, 1898.

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5,000 Soldiers of the Fifth Army Corps Cheered President McKinley.

The Sun, September 4, 1898.

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The World, September 4, 1898.

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— Editorial, Boston Globe, September 4, 1898.

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B Company, First Illinois. First meal on shore at Montauk Point.

Chicago Tribune, September 4, 1898.

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Chicago Tribune, September 5, 1898.

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MONTAUK’S BULLY PULPIT

————-

Brooklyn Daily Eagle, September 6, 1898.

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The Sun, September 5, 1898.

 

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— Harvey L. Reese, New York Press, September 6, 1898.

 

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On September 6, 1898, Col. Roosevelt & several Rough Riders

signed the Guest Log at the Montauk Light.

The World.

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The Sun, September 6, 1898.

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The Sun, September 7, 1898.

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The Sun, September 8, 1898.

 

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— Nelan, Illustrator. New York Herald, September 9, 1898.

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— E.S. Boughton, Editor, East Hampton Star

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WHERE THEY LIE BURIED AT CAMP WIKOFF

— Hayden Jones, Illustrator. The World, September 9, 1898.

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Brooklyn Daily Eagle, September 11, 1898.

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Courtesy of Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Harvard College Library

 

 

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The Sun, September 14, 1898.

The World, September 14, 1898.

 

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The Sun, September 12, 1898.

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The Sun, September 14, 1898.

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The World, September 17, 1898.

 

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The Corrector (Sag Harbor), September 17, 1898.

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Collier’s Weekly, September 24, 1898.

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— Famed Orator Chauncey M. Depew, NYS Republican Convention

— Report, New York Herald, September 28, 1898.

— Mortimer, Illustrator. The World, September 28, 1898.

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— Interview, New York Times, September 27

Pond Spring, General Wheeler’s Home, is a State Historic Site in Hillsboro, Alabama.

Pond Spring is a 50 acre site that includes historic buildings and gardens.

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The Sun, September 29, 1898.

 

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— Top Illustration by W.H. Shindler, New York Press, October 6, 1898.

— Second Illustration by Carter, The World, October 6, 1898.

— Report, New York Press, October 6, 1898.

 

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— John H. Hunt, Editor, Sag Harbor Express, October 6, 1898.

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Washington Post, October 6, 1898.

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The Sun, October 10, 1898

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The World, October 19, 1898.

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— E.S. Boughton, Editor, East Hampton Star, October 29.

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New York Tribune, November 9, 1898.

 

———————– 1899 ———————–

 

Chicago Tribune Masthead

——————–

New York Times, February 13, 1899.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

 

For further information, please visit:

Camp Wikoff, Col. Theodore Roosevelt & The Rough Riders / July 1 – August 31, 1898

Camp Wikoff, Col. Theodore Roosevelt & The Rough Riders / September 1 – November 9, 1898

Camp Wikoff, Montauk / August, 1898

Camp Wikoff, Montauk, September & October, 1898

Camp Wikoff, National Military Park Proposal

And / Or

BULLY! Col. Theodore Roosevelt, The Rough Riders & Camp Wikoff, New York, 1898. A Newspaper Chronicle. Edited & Composed by Jeff Heatley. Published by the Montauk Historical Society & Pushcart Press, 1998.

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